Pothos plants (Epipremnum aureum), also called “Devil’s Ivy,” are the most popular indoor plants, with good reason. Pothos is a type of tropical vine plant. It has long trailing stems with heart-shaped leaves. They are easy to grow, durable, and have air-purifying qualities making them a great addition to anyone’s home. There are quite a few plant varieties with the name ‘Pothos’ so before you decide which houseplant to purchase, read on to figure out which one suits you best.
Types of Pothos Plants
The pothos plant family are very common in homes with indoor plants and they come in different types.
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The golden pothos is the traditional pothos variety and likely the one you will see most frequently sold at plant shops or garden centers. This plant sports light lime-colored leaves with yellow variegation. The leaves are glossy and patterned with creamy gold spots resembling delicate brush strokes. When given lots of light and warmth, the leaves grow a great deal.
One of the best features of the golden pothos is its ability to thrive in low-light environments. This plant retains its bright variegation even in these conditions unlike other plans with variegated leaves that lose their vibrancy in low light. This makes it a popular choice in bedrooms where light is usually limited.
Marble Queen Pothos
The Marble Queen is another common pothos variety. It has highly variegated leaves that are cream-colored marbled with green. This plant prefers environments with bright, indirect sunlight because of the deep variegation on its leaves. Plant owners find caring for this type of pothos easy due to its slow growth rate. This means that it requires less pruning to achieve its bushy appearance. Because it grows more slowly you don’t need to repot the Marble Queen as frequently as other pothos varieties.
The neon pothos is known by its distinct bright chartreuse or golden yellow color with no variegation in its nearly translucent leaves. The leaves deepen in color with age as the newer, younger leaves transition from a bright green to a more muted shade. Depending on the spot where you put your pothos plant in your home, the brightness of the neon pothos may vary. In order to get the best color, it is recommended that you grow the pothos in bright light because in a lower light environment, the color will be darker and duller.
This plant looks great in hanging baskets or in containers on tall plant stands. you also have the option to control the neon pothos in water if you want to position it in a higher, harder to reach location in your home. To keep your neon pothos plant happy, place it in a bright location with filtered light and only water when the top portion of the soil dries out.
The Manjula pothos is a very rare variegated variety of this plant. It is actually a patented variety produced by the University of Florida. Its leaves are stunning with beautiful silver, white, cream, and green marbled patterns. Some of the leaves can be almost pure white with barely any green markings. You can tell Manjula apart from other different types of pothos because the leaves don’t lay as flat as other pothos’ and they have wavy edges.
This plant requires some special care in order to maintain the vibrancy of its multicolored leaves. Bright locations out of direct sunlight are best as too much sun exposure will cause the white variegation to dull.
Pothos Cebu Blue
The Cebu Blue is distinct from other pothos types in that the foliage often has a bit of silvery-blue metallic sheen and the leaves are an elongated heart shape. The young leaves are narrow but as it ages the Cebu bBue pothos can produce large, blue-green leaves with a split down the middle, resembling a Monstera plant. Warm, bright conditions help this plant mature and develop the adult type leaves.
Similar to the other types of pothos, this plant does well in bright, indirect sunlight with high humidity levels. You’ll want to water this houseplant just enough to keep the soil slightly moist.
The Hawaiian Pothos has huge dark green leaves and long vines. This combination makes for an attractive vertical accent plant when it is growing up a pole or hanging from a basket. The foliage has speckles of yellow variegation. To keep this plant’s size compact so it fits your living needs, all you need to do is regularly prune it. Pruning also encourages new shoots to form from the sides which allows for a bushy and full look.
The Jessenia pothos might not be a variety you have seen or heard of. This is because this is a fairly new cultivar and due to its gaining popularity, it is difficult to find. This houseplant has emerald green leaves with chartreuse variegation.
Jade pothos closely resembles the classic type of pothos plant you’ve probably seen most frequently but with the addition of slight variegation on its leaves. This type of pothos gained its popularity as a houseplant because it is so easy to care for. The Jade pothos has dark green, heart-shaped leaves and it can grow stems up to 3 feet (90 cm) long indoors. This pothos grows well all light conditions. It thrives in bright light and is a suitable plant in environments with low light or shaded areas. Many people choose to use this as a shower plant in their bathroom because of the constant source of humidity and ability to grow in low light. It can also be used as an attractive tabletop plant or to create a vertical accent in your room.
Pearls and Jade Pothos
The ‘Pearls and Jade’ pothos is a small-leaf variety with green and white variegation. The leaves are a mixture of white, cream, grey, and emerald green markings. The variegation is found more towards the edges of the leaves rather than the center. This variety is slightly more maintenance to grow as it requires perpetually moist soil unlike the other pothos that prefer drought-like conditions. If you notice a lack of moisture in the soil, the leaves will likely wilt soon.
This pothos grows slowly, making it an excellent choice for offices or desks. This is also another patented variety by the University of Florida.
This plant is botanically not in the genus as the common pothos varieties, but it is sometimes called the silver pothos or silver philodendron. It has many of the same features as the common pothos. The satin pothos has dark green matte foliage with silvery speckles. It gets its common name from the velvety feel that the leaves have when touched.
The satin pothos requires medium to low light to grow best. The soil needs to be kept moderately moist and allowed to dry out between waterings. This houseplant isn’t sensitive to humidity.
Like the satin pothos, the trebi is also not a true type of pothos. This houseplant has more variegation than the satin pothos on its large green leaves. The plant has a silver-blue appearance due to the silver marbling on its leaves. This cultivar is not as vibrant or bright as other varieties of true pothos plants.
How to Care for Pothos Plants
Regardless of the type of Pothos plant you choose for your home, knowing a few basic care tips will ensure your plant stays healthy and robust. Pothos plants thrive in bright, indirect light and grow best in moist potting soil in a pot equipped for excellent drainage. The ideal temperature for best growth is between 65°F and 85°F (18°C – 29°C). Pothos thrive in environments with high humidity levels. To encourage a bushier appearance, prune the stems and make sure to fertilize monthly during the growing season.
Generally, pruning is not necessary for the maintenance of pothos plants as they are fairly slow growing. If the vines are getting too long for your liking or in an effort to encourage bushy growth, you can trim back the vines. Start by cutting off any brown, decaying, or dead stems or leaves. Pruning is best done around springtime before the plant starts its rapid growth season.
The most important tip for growing pothos plants is to only water them when the soil is partially or completely dry. The best indicator to know when your plant needs watered is when the leaves start to droop. You don’t want to leave your plant in continually damp soil as the roots will rot and the leaves will develop black spots.
Overall, the type of pothos you choose all comes down to personal style preference and availability as the plant care is all very similar. They are all unique plants that will elevate your living and working spaces.