Density is a crucial consideration when building. If you are using concrete, then getting the right measurements is crucial. But how much does this material weigh? Is there a specific mix standard that is considered the ultimate mix for a building? For answers to these and more questions, keep reading this article.
The density of concrete is a measure of its weight per unit. For one to attain the concrete, several materials are mixed. These include cement, water, fine and coarse aggregates, and some cases, filler materials such as slag, fly ash, or other admixtures are included. It all depends on the type of concrete you need for a project.
Important: As a homeowner, realizing that you need to waste another Saturday waiting for the landlord or handyman to come over to fix another damaged appliance is frustrating. It shouldn't feel like the norm to constantly have damaged appliances and systems in your home since it can come to a huge cost at the end of each year. Usually, concrete weighs 2400kg for every cubic meter. This translates to 145 lbs per cubic foot or 3915 lbs per cubic yard. Concrete’s unit weight/density varies based on the density and amount of the aggregates, cement, entrapped air, and water content. Even though air and moisture content affect concrete density, most weigh between 830 – 1650 kg per cubic meter/52 – 103 lbs per cubic foot on average.
The Home Improvement Solutions eBook covers everything you need to do in your home when it comes to maintenance and improvement so you can avoid wasting another weekend waiting for someone to come to your rescue.
Cement weight varies depending on whether it was loaded directly into silos or stored and transported. The cement that is loaded directly is less dense than the one stored and transported. The vibrations that happen during transportation have something to do with it.
Usually, un-transported cement will weigh 94 lb per bag when freshly packed. The density of light-weight concrete should be 1920 kg per cubic meter/116lbs per cubic yard. Light-weight concrete is generally less heavy because of pumice, which is used as an aggregate. Pumice is a naturally occurring light-weight material. Density, which is the ratio of mass to volume, is accurately calculated by first measuring some of the concrete in a container to get the volume and then weighing it.
Test cylinders are used to check, monitor, and understand concrete strength. When normal concrete’s density is reduced, this means that the water content in the concrete is high, and as such, the concrete lowers its strength. The density strengths can be tested in a lab after durations of twenty-four hours, seven days, and twenty-eight days to predict the potential strength downturns. This is an important test, especially when high strength projects such as dams, bridges, and high rises are involved.
Considerations for Floor and Counter Tops
Anyone considering concrete countertops, or interior radiant floor heating, you may wonder if using light-weight control can help reduce the stress on the floor and cabinetry. Going by the standard thickness of 1.5 inches, ordinary concrete weight should be about 18lbs per square foot, while that of light-weight concrete will be 14.5 lbs or the same size. In most cases, the 3lbs saving makes an insignificant difference when used as countertops. After all, normal concrete is also easier to polish compared to the light-weight.
When it comes to flooring needs, this will highly depend on your preference. The space saved will be significant. However, you should note that light-weight concrete is pricier than the normal concrete. In most cases, it is double the price of regular concrete.
Calculating the Weight of a Square-foot of Concrete
The weight of a square foot of concrete depends on the concrete’s thickness in the square foot. Generally, the thicker the concrete the heavier it will be. Below are the considerations to make when making these calculations.
- Start by dividing the thickness of the concrete by 12. The answer gives the depth of the concrete in feet. An example would be taking a 6-inch slab of concrete and dividing 6 by 12 to get 0.5. This means that a 6-inch slab is 0.5 feet thick.
- Then, multiply 145 (pounds of a cubic foot) by 0.5, which is the thickness in feet to give you 72.5 pounds.
- You can conclude that a 6-inch thick slab weighs 72.5 pounds per square foot.
The same measure is used for different thicknesses of square-feet slabs. For example, a 4 feet thick slab will weigh as follows:
- First take the 4 feet and divide by 12 to get a 0.33 feet depth.
- Take the depth (0.33) and have it divided by 145 pounds ( which is the cubic weight of concrete)
- The resulting 47.85 pounds will be the weight of your 4 feet thick slab.
Why is Concrete Weight Information Important
Knowing how to measure concrete is one thing, but it is even more important to understand why it is done. The most important reason why people test concrete weight is to ensure that they are getting the right volume of what they pay for. This is important because it also determines if you are meeting the requirements for the specific project mix design you are working on.
Additionally, the information obtained through these tests can be used to determine the yield and relative yield. It is also useful when calculating the air content of the mixture.
Common Questions Asked on Concrete weight
Concrete weight is a subject that raises a lot of questions because of the different factors that determine it. Some of the most common questions include:
Does Dry and Wet Concrete Weight the Same?
Dry and wet concrete will have similar weights when the wet concrete finishes the curing process. However, they are different at the beginning stages. To weigh wet concrete, take enough dry concrete and pour it in a yard. To this, add the water for reaction and weigh. The result will be that the wet concrete will weigh slightly more than the dry concrete bag you started with. Most of the water will evaporate or be used up in the curing process, leaving the wet concrete to weigh slightly less than when you mixed it. Water triggers a chemical reaction that brings concrete elements together. The process is known as hydration and is responsible for hardening the concrete when the compounds in the concrete combine. Averagely, concretes weighs about 3900 pounds per cubic yard. However, this can easily drop to 3500 pounds per cubic yard when it dries.
You should note that different concrete mix compositions weigh differently. Apart from the specific components, the places where these components are mined from may determine the weight of the concrete as well. It is possible to find concrete that goes beyond 300 pounds per cubic foot, while others are below 100 pounds for the same size.
What are the Options for Concrete Mix
Concrete mix options are often broken down into different categories, all of which weigh differently for the same size of the measurement. The most common categories are as follows:
- Asphalt: 140 pounds per cubic foot
- Portland: 144 pounds per cubic foot
- Gravel: 150 pounds per cubic foot
- Reinforced: 156 pounds per cubic foot
- Portland-Limestone: 148 pounds per cubic foot
Which Concrete Weighs more than the other: Light-Weight Concrete or Reinforced Concrete?
Reinforced concrete is used majorly in large scale construction where additional steel framings are added to strengthen it. However, light-weight concrete is an alternative for people who need something different from the traditional concrete. It may be easier to use in certain constructions because it is more flexible and works well n absorbing sound and shock. The answer to which of the two weighs more is dependent on several factors, top on the list being the amount of water being added in each case.
Knowing which type of concrete you need as well as the consistency of the mix, is crucial as it determines how well you avoid the risk of using too much or too little concrete for specific projects. Working with experts can help you buy the right kind of concrete (View on Amazon) for your project. Always ask for help to make the right decisions on the type of concrete to use.